In Honor of Black History Month, 10 Heroes You May Not Have Heard Of

These are life stories worth knowing 🙌 🙌.

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Black History Month is the time to honor the role and achievements of African-Americans in the United States. While some groundbreaking heroes are well-known, there are many unsung heroes worth celebrating—particularly African-American women. Here, we rounded up 10 African-American women whose accomplishments and tireless efforts transformed our country.

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<p>Dr. Crumpler was the first African-American woman physician in the United States. Born in 1831, Dr. Crumpler first worked as a nurse in Massachusetts between 1852 and 1860, <a href="http://www.pbs.org/newshour/updates/celebrating-rebecca-lee-crumpler-first-african-american-physician/" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">PBS reports</a>. She was accepted to New England Female Medical College and earned an M.D. in 1864, <a href="http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1963424_1963480_1963455,00.html" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">according to <em data-redactor-tag="em" data-verified="redactor">Time</em></a>. She practiced medicine in Boston and Richmond, Virginia, primarily working with the poor, who had limited access to medical care. In 1883, Dr. Crumpler published a renowned book, <em data-redactor-tag="em" data-verified="redactor">Book of Medical Discourses In Two Parts, </em>which many believe is the first medical text written by an African-American author, <a href="http://www.pbs.org/newshour/updates/celebrating-rebecca-lee-crumpler-first-african-american-physician/" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">PBS states</a>.<br>
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Dr. Rebecca Lee Crumpler

Dr. Crumpler was the first African-American woman physician in the United States. Born in 1831, Dr. Crumpler first worked as a nurse in Massachusetts between 1852 and 1860, . She was accepted to New England Female Medical College and earned an M.D. in 1864, . She practiced medicine in Boston and Richmond, Virginia, primarily working with the poor, who had limited access to medical care. In 1883, Dr. Crumpler published a renowned book, Book of Medical Discourses In Two Parts, which many believe is the first medical text written by an African-American author, .

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<p>Nine months before&nbsp;<a href="http://carte-mere.info/politics/news/a9949/quotes-rosa-parks/" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">Rosa Parks</a>&nbsp;refused to give up her seat to a white passenger on a bus in&nbsp;Montgomery, Alabama, a then 15-year-old&nbsp;Claudette Colvin did the same. On March 2, 1955,&nbsp;Colvin<span class="redactor-invisible-space" data-redactor-tag="span" data-redactor-class="redactor-invisible-space" data-verified="redactor"> was taking the bus home from high school when the&nbsp;driver ordered her to give up her seat,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=101719889" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">according to NPR</a>. Colvin refused, saying she paid her fare and&nbsp;it was her constitutional right, but&nbsp;was then arrested by&nbsp;two police officers. Colvin later became the&nbsp;<a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2015/02/27/389563788/before-rosa-parks-a-teenager-defied-segregation-on-an-alabama-bus" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">main&nbsp;witness</a>&nbsp;in the federal lawsuit&nbsp;<em data-redactor-tag="em">Browder v. Gayle</em><span class="redactor-invisible-space" data-redactor-tag="span" data-redactor-class="redactor-invisible-space" data-verified="redactor">, which ended segregation on public transportation in Alabama. </span></span><span class="redactor-invisible-space" data-verified="redactor" data-redactor-tag="span" data-redactor-class="redactor-invisible-space"></span></p>
Claudette Colvin

Nine months before Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white passenger on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama, a then 15-year-old Claudette Colvin did the same. On March 2, 1955, Colvin was taking the bus home from high school when the driver ordered her to give up her seat, . Colvin refused, saying she paid her fare and it was her constitutional right, but was then arrested by two police officers. Colvin later became the  in the federal lawsuit Browder v. Gayle, which ended segregation on public transportation in Alabama.

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<p>And before both Claudette Colvin and Rosa Parks, there was Irene Morgan Kirkaldy. In July 1944, Morgan Kirkaldy was arrested after she refused to give up her bus seat to a white passenger in Virginia, <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2007/08/13/us/13kirkaldy.html" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">the<em data-redactor-tag="em"> New York Times</em> reports</a>. She was convicted in a County Circuit Court, but appealed the decision to the Virginia Supreme Court and later to the Supreme Court, <a href="http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/freedomriders/people/irene-morgan" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">PBS reports</a>. With the help of lawyers from the NAACP, including Thurgood Marshall, the Supreme Court <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2007/08/13/us/13kirkaldy.html" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">ruled in favor</a> of Morgan Kirkaldy on June 3, 1946. While Southern states largely&nbsp;ignored the ruling, Morgan Kirkaldy's case was a pioneer in civil rights law. Morgan Kirkaldy&nbsp;received the Presidential Citizens Medal from President Bill Clinton in 2001, <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2007/08/13/us/13kirkaldy.html" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">according to the<em data-redactor-tag="em"> Times</em></a>.</p>
Irene Morgan Kirkaldy

And before both Claudette Colvin and Rosa Parks, there was Irene Morgan Kirkaldy. In July 1944, Morgan Kirkaldy was arrested after she refused to give up her bus seat to a white passenger in Virginia, . She was convicted in a County Circuit Court, but appealed the decision to the Virginia Supreme Court and later to the Supreme Court, . With the help of lawyers from the NAACP, including Thurgood Marshall, the Supreme Court of Morgan Kirkaldy on June 3, 1946. While Southern states largely ignored the ruling, Morgan Kirkaldy's case was a pioneer in civil rights law. Morgan Kirkaldy received the Presidential Citizens Medal from President Bill Clinton in 2001, .

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<p>Baker was a civil rights activist&nbsp;who worked for a number of civil rights organizations throughout her lifetime.&nbsp;After graduating as&nbsp;valedictorian&nbsp;from Shaw University in North Carolina, Baker moved to New York City and helped started the&nbsp;Young Negroes Cooperative League<span class="redactor-invisible-space" data-verified="redactor" data-redactor-tag="span" data-redactor-class="redactor-invisible-space">, according to <a href="http://www.biography.com/people/ella-baker-9195848#early-life-and-education" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">Biography.com</a>. She started working for the NAACP in 1940, and&nbsp;</span>co-founded the organization In Friendship to fight against Jim Crow laws in 1955, <a href="http://ellabakercenter.org/about/who-was-ella-baker" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">the Ella Baker Center reports.</a>&nbsp;In1957, she was asked&nbsp;to help&nbsp;organize Martin Luther King Jr.'s&nbsp;Southern Christian Leadership Conference and also helped form&nbsp;the&nbsp;Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, SNCC,&nbsp;which became one of the biggest <a href="http://ellabakercenter.org/about/who-was-ella-baker" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">human rights advocates</a> in the country. "You didn't see me on television, you didn't see news stories about me<span class="redactor-invisible-space" data-verified="redactor" data-redactor-tag="span" data-redactor-class="redactor-invisible-space">," Baker said of her role in the civil rights movement, <em data-redactor-tag="em" data-verified="redactor">the Times</em> reports. "The kind of role that I tried to play was to pick up pieces or put together pieces out of which I hoped organization might come."</span></p><p><span class="redactor-invisible-space" data-verified="redactor" data-redactor-tag="span" data-redactor-class="redactor-invisible-space"><span class="redactor-invisible-space" data-verified="redactor" data-redactor-tag="span" data-redactor-class="redactor-invisible-space"></span></span></p>
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Ella Baker

Baker was a civil rights activist who worked for a number of civil rights organizations throughout her lifetime. After graduating as valedictorian from Shaw University in North Carolina, Baker moved to New York City and helped started the Young Negroes Cooperative League, according to . She started working for the NAACP in 1940, and co-founded the organization In Friendship to fight against Jim Crow laws in 1955,  In1957, she was asked to help organize Martin Luther King Jr.'s Southern Christian Leadership Conference and also helped form the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, SNCC, which became one of the biggest in the country. "You didn't see me on television, you didn't see news stories about me," Baker said of her role in the civil rights movement, the Times reports. "The kind of role that I tried to play was to pick up pieces or put together pieces out of which I hoped organization might come."

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<p>Bates was a civil rights activists best known for her work on behalf of the Little Rock Nine. Bates and her husband founded the&nbsp;<em data-redactor-tag="em">Arkansas State Press</em><span class="redactor-invisible-space" data-verified="redactor" data-redactor-tag="span" data-redactor-class="redactor-invisible-space">, a weekly African-American newspaper that advocated for civil rights, <a href="http://www.biography.com/people/daisy-bates-206524#naacp-presidency" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">according to Biography.com</a>. In 1952, Bates became the president of the NAACP's Arkansas branch and in 1957, Bates fought for the Little Rock Nine, the nine black students who were attending an all-white school as part of the schools desegregation, <a href="http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/daisy-bates-first-lady-of-little-rock/" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">PBS reports</a>.&nbsp;Bates escorted the students to the school amid intense&nbsp;opposition and heavy threats, and continued to advocate for the students once they were enrolled, <a href="https://www.britannica.com/biography/Daisy-Bates-civil-rights-leader" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">Britannica states</a>.&nbsp;She is honored by the <a href="http://www.arktimes.com/ArkansasBlog/archives/2012/02/20/daisy-gatson-bates-day-a-day-for-history" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">state of Arkansas</a> with a state holiday on the third Monday of February.&nbsp;</span></p>
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Daisy Bates

Bates was a civil rights activists best known for her work on behalf of the Little Rock Nine. Bates and her husband founded the Arkansas State Press, a weekly African-American newspaper that advocated for civil rights, . In 1952, Bates became the president of the NAACP's Arkansas branch and in 1957, Bates fought for the Little Rock Nine, the nine black students who were attending an all-white school as part of the schools desegregation, . Bates escorted the students to the school amid intense opposition and heavy threats, and continued to advocate for the students once they were enrolled, . She is honored by the with a state holiday on the third Monday of February. 

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<p>Hedgeman was an&nbsp;advocate who worked with religious organizations and within the government to mobilize the civil rights movement. Hedgeman became the first African-American graduate of Hamline University in 1922, <a href="http://www.anb.org/articles/15/15-01364.html" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">ANB.org reports</a>. She&nbsp;later worked for a number of religious organizations, most notably&nbsp;the Young Women's Christian Association,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.nytimes.com/1990/01/26/obituaries/anna-hedgeman-is-dead-at-90-aide-to-mayor-wagner-in-1950-s.html" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">the <em data-redactor-tag="em" data-verified="redactor">New York Times </em>reports</a>. Hedgeman also held various roles in the&nbsp;government, including working on Harry S. Truman's <a href="http://www.anb.org/articles/15/15-01364.html" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">reelection campaign</a> in 1948 and&nbsp;serving in the cabinet of New York Mayor Robert F. Wagner from 1954 to 1958, the first African-American woman to do so, <a href="http://archives.nypl.org/scm/20703" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">according to NYPL</a>. Hedgeman was also&nbsp;instrumental in the planning of the historic March on Washington in 1963. As <a href="http://ajccenter.wfu.edu/2013/08/21/march-on-washington-remember-anna-hedgeman/" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">the Anna Julie Cooper Center notes</a>, "The name most often associated with the March on Washington is that of Martin Luther King, Jr., but without Hedgeman it is possible the final event that developed would not have materialized."</p>
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Anna ­Arnold Hedgeman

Hedgeman was an advocate who worked with religious organizations and within the government to mobilize the civil rights movement. Hedgeman became the first African-American graduate of Hamline University in 1922, . She later worked for a number of religious organizations, most notably the Young Women's Christian Association, . Hedgeman also held various roles in the government, including working on Harry S. Truman's in 1948 and serving in the cabinet of New York Mayor Robert F. Wagner from 1954 to 1958, the first African-American woman to do so, . Hedgeman was also instrumental in the planning of the historic March on Washington in 1963. As , "The name most often associated with the March on Washington is that of Martin Luther King, Jr., but without Hedgeman it is possible the final event that developed would not have materialized."

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<p>Boynton Robinson&nbsp;<span class="redactor-invisible-space" data-verified="redactor" data-redactor-tag="span" data-redactor-class="redactor-invisible-space">has been recognized for her tireless civil rights advocacy in recent years—<span class="redactor-invisible-space" data-verified="redactor" data-redactor-tag="span" data-redactor-class="redactor-invisible-space">including a portrayal in 2014's&nbsp;<em data-redactor-tag="em" data-verified="redactor">Selma</em><span class="redactor-invisible-space" data-verified="redactor" data-redactor-tag="span" data-redactor-class="redactor-invisible-space"> and a&nbsp;<a href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/obamawhitehouse/20894933442/in/album-72157657375363949/" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">headline-making photo</a> with President Obama in 2015 on the 50th-anniversary of&nbsp;the Selma to Montgomery<span class="redactor-invisible-space" data-verified="redactor" data-redactor-tag="span" data-redactor-class="redactor-invisible-space"></span> march—but many may not know just *how* pivotal a figure she was.&nbsp;<span class="redactor-invisible-space" data-verified="redactor" data-redactor-tag="span" data-redactor-class="redactor-invisible-space">Boynton Robinson<span class="redactor-invisible-space" data-verified="redactor" data-redactor-tag="span" data-redactor-class="redactor-invisible-space"> began her civil rights activism in the 1930s, when she started&nbsp;advocating for voting rights&nbsp;after becoming one of the few African-American women&nbsp;registered to vote in Selma, Alabama,&nbsp;<a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/amelia-boynton-robinson-activist-beaten-on-selma-bridge-dies-at-104/2015/08/26/9478d25e-4c11-11e5-bfb9-9736d04fc8e4_story.html?utm_term=.0e69a3f211c6" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">the <em data-redactor-tag="em" data-verified="redactor">Washington Post</em> reports</a>. Boynton Robinson<span class="redactor-invisible-space" data-verified="redactor" data-redactor-tag="span" data-redactor-class="redactor-invisible-space">&nbsp;became the&nbsp;<a href="http://www.encyclopediaofalabama.org/article/h-2018" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">first African-American woman in Alabama</a>&nbsp;to run for Congress in 1964 and the following year, she helped Martin Luther King Jr. plan the march from&nbsp;</span></span></span></span></span></span>Selma to Montgomery, Alabama for March 7, 1965, now known as " Bloody Sunday."&nbsp;Boynton Robinson<span class="redactor-invisible-space" data-verified="redactor" data-redactor-tag="span" data-redactor-class="redactor-invisible-space" style="background-color: initial;" rel="background-color: initial;" data-redactor-style="background-color: initial;"> and the roughly 600 demonstrators were forcefully attack by state troopers with tear gas, billy clubs, and whips, <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/27/us/amelia-boynton-robinson-a-pivotal-figure-at-the-selma-march-dies-at-104.html?_r=0" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">according to the<em data-redactor-tag="em" data-verified="redactor"> New York&nbsp;</em><em data-redactor-tag="em" data-verified="redactor">Times</em></a>. Boynton Robinson<span class="redactor-invisible-space" data-verified="redactor" data-redactor-tag="span" data-redactor-class="redactor-invisible-space"> was hospitalized after the march&nbsp;and a horrific photo of her injuries&nbsp;was widely circulated, the <a href="http://www.encyclopediaofalabama.org/article/h-2018" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link"><em data-redactor-tag="em" data-verified="redactor">New York Times</em> reports.</a>&nbsp;</span></span>Later in 1965,&nbsp;Boynton Robinson<span class="redactor-invisible-space" data-verified="redactor" data-redactor-tag="span" data-redactor-class="redactor-invisible-space" style="background-color: initial;" rel="background-color: initial;" data-redactor-style="background-color: initial;"> <a href="http://www.encyclopediaofalabama.org/article/h-2018" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">was invited</a> to the White House when President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act, and in 1990, she received the Martin Luther King Jr. Freedom Medal.</span></p>
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Amelia Boynton Robinson

Boynton Robinson has been recognized for her tireless civil rights advocacy in recent years—including a portrayal in 2014's Selma and a  with President Obama in 2015 on the 50th-anniversary of the Selma to Montgomery march—but many may not know just *how* pivotal a figure she was. Boynton Robinson began her civil rights activism in the 1930s, when she started advocating for voting rights after becoming one of the few African-American women registered to vote in Selma, Alabama, . Boynton Robinson became the  to run for Congress in 1964 and the following year, she helped Martin Luther King Jr. plan the march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama for March 7, 1965, now known as " Bloody Sunday." Boynton Robinson and the roughly 600 demonstrators were forcefully attack by state troopers with tear gas, billy clubs, and whips, . Boynton Robinson was hospitalized after the march and a horrific photo of her injuries was widely circulated, the  Later in 1965, Boynton Robinson to the White House when President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act, and in 1990, she received the Martin Luther King Jr. Freedom Medal.

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<p>Of the many accomplishments Nash has made in her lifelong commitment to civil rights activism,&nbsp;her most famous contributions include&nbsp;her work organizing and leading&nbsp;Freedom Rides and sit-ins.&nbsp;Nash, who was born in Chicago, got involved with the civil rights movement when she enrolled at Fisk University in Nashville in 1959, <a href="http://www.makers.com/diane-nash" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">Makers&nbsp;reports</a>. In April 1960, she helped found the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), <a href="http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/freedomriders/people/diane-nash" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">PBS reports</a>. Nash also coordinated the Nashville Student Movement Ride, which was part of the Freedom Rides in 1961, coordinating  between her fellow students, the media, and the Department of Justice, <a href="http://news.yale.edu/2017/01/27/diane-nash-urges-today-s-activists-apply-techniques-civil-rights-movement" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">according to Yale News</a>. She engaged in sit-ins herself, even spending time in jail in February 1961 in solidarity with the "Rock Hill Nine," nine students that were imprisoned after a sit-in, <a href="http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/freedomriders/people/diane-nash" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">according to PBS</a>. Nash also played a crucial role&nbsp;in the&nbsp;desegregation campaign&nbsp;<span class="redactor-invisible-space" data-verified="redactor" data-redactor-tag="span" data-redactor-class="redactor-invisible-space">in Birmingham in 1963, and received a Rosa Parks Award from the&nbsp;SCLC<span class="redactor-invisible-space" data-verified="redactor" data-redactor-tag="span" data-redactor-class="redactor-invisible-space"> along with her husband in 1965, <a href="http://www.makers.com/diane-nash" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">Markers reports</a>.&nbsp;</span></span></p>
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Diane Nash

Of the many accomplishments Nash has made in her lifelong commitment to civil rights activism, her most famous contributions include her work organizing and leading Freedom Rides and sit-ins. Nash, who was born in Chicago, got involved with the civil rights movement when she enrolled at Fisk University in Nashville in 1959, . In April 1960, she helped found the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), . Nash also coordinated the Nashville Student Movement Ride, which was part of the Freedom Rides in 1961, coordinating between her fellow students, the media, and the Department of Justice, . She engaged in sit-ins herself, even spending time in jail in February 1961 in solidarity with the "Rock Hill Nine," nine students that were imprisoned after a sit-in, . Nash also played a crucial role in the desegregation campaign in Birmingham in 1963, and received a Rosa Parks Award from the SCLC along with her husband in 1965, . 

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<p>Height has been called&nbsp;the matriarch of the civil rights movement who often worked outside of the public eye, <a href="http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/04/20/AR2010042001287.html" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">according to&nbsp;<em data-redactor-tag="em" data-verified="redactor">the Washington Post</em></a><em data-redactor-tag="em" data-verified="redactor">.&nbsp;</em>After receiving two degrees from New York University in the 1930s, Height worked for the New York City Welfare Department and then&nbsp;became the assistant executive director of the Harlem Y.W.C.A, <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2010/04/21/us/21height.html" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">the<em data-redactor-tag="em" data-verified="redactor"> New York Times</em> reports</a>. She was involved in anti-lynching&nbsp;protests, brought public attention to the exploitation of African-American women working in "slave markets," and escorted First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt to the National Council of Negro Women, a council she served on for more than 40 years,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2010/04/21/us/21height.html" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">according to the <em data-redactor-tag="em" data-verified="redactor">Times</em></a>. In the 1950s, <a href="http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/04/20/AR2010042001287.html" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">she&nbsp;lobbied</a> President Dwight D. Eisenhower to take an aggressive stance on school&nbsp;desegregation issues. Height also worked with&nbsp;Martin Luther King Jr. and she&nbsp;stood on the platform with as he delivered his famous "I Have a Dream" speech in August 1963,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/04/20/AR2010042001287.html" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link"><em data-redactor-tag="em" data-verified="redactor">the Washington Post</em> reports</a>. For her lifelong work fighting for&nbsp;civil rights, Height <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2010/04/21/us/21height.html" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">was awarded</a> the Presidential Medal of Freedom&nbsp;in 1994 by President Bill Clinton. It was also recently announced that Height is the latest face to be honored on a United States Postage Stamp, <a href="http://www.ebony.com/black-history/icons_legends/dorothy-height-stamp#axzz4Y7FZL2UZ" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link"><em data-redactor-tag="em" data-verified="redactor">Ebony</em> reports</a>.&nbsp;</p>
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Dorothy Height

Height has been called the matriarch of the civil rights movement who often worked outside of the public eye, After receiving two degrees from New York University in the 1930s, Height worked for the New York City Welfare Department and then became the assistant executive director of the Harlem Y.W.C.A, . She was involved in anti-lynching protests, brought public attention to the exploitation of African-American women working in "slave markets," and escorted First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt to the National Council of Negro Women, a council she served on for more than 40 years, . In the 1950s, President Dwight D. Eisenhower to take an aggressive stance on school desegregation issues. Height also worked with Martin Luther King Jr. and she stood on the platform with as he delivered his famous "I Have a Dream" speech in August 1963, . For her lifelong work fighting for civil rights, Height the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1994 by President Bill Clinton. It was also recently announced that Height is the latest face to be honored on a United States Postage Stamp, . 

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<p>Chisholm<span class="redactor-invisible-space" data-verified="redactor" data-redactor-tag="span" data-redactor-class="redactor-invisible-space"> was a&nbsp;pioneer for African-American women holding major roles in the government.&nbsp;</span>Chisholm<span class="redactor-invisible-space" data-verified="redactor" data-redactor-tag="span" data-redactor-class="redactor-invisible-space"> first served as an educational consultant for New York City's bureau of child welfare&nbsp;and ran for New York State Assembly in 1964, <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2005/01/03/obituaries/shirley-chisholm-unbossedpioneer-in-congress-is-dead-at-80.html" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link"><em data-redactor-tag="em" data-verified="redactor">the New York Times </em>reports.</a>&nbsp;In 1968,&nbsp;Chisholm<span class="redactor-invisible-space" data-verified="redactor" data-redactor-tag="span" data-redactor-class="redactor-invisible-space"> was elected as the first African-American Congresswoman, serving a Brooklyn district in the&nbsp;<a href="http://history.house.gov/People/Listing/C/CHISHOLM,-Shirley-Anita-(C000371)/" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">House of Representatives</a>, and later became one of the <a href="http://history.house.gov/People/Listing/C/CHISHOLM,-Shirley-Anita-(C000371)/" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">founding members</a> of the Congressional Black Caucus. Chisholm<span class="redactor-invisible-space" data-verified="redactor" data-redactor-tag="span" data-redactor-class="redactor-invisible-space"> made history once again in 1972&nbsp;</span></span></span>when she became the first African-American woman of a major political party to run for the Democratic party&nbsp;nomination,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.history.com/topics/shirley-chisholm" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link"><em data-redactor-tag="em" data-verified="redactor">History</em> reports</a>.&nbsp;Chisholm<span class="redactor-invisible-space" data-verified="redactor" data-redactor-tag="span" data-redactor-class="redactor-invisible-space"> died in 2005, but&nbsp;<a href="http://www.brooklyn.cuny.edu/bc/spotlite/news/?link=112005" target="_blank" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">Shirley Chisholm Day</a> is celebrated on&nbsp;November 30 to honor her memory.</span><span class="redactor-invisible-space" data-verified="redactor" data-redactor-tag="span" data-redactor-class="redactor-invisible-space"></span></p><p><span class="redactor-invisible-space" data-verified="redactor" data-redactor-tag="span" data-redactor-class="redactor-invisible-space"></span></p>
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Shirley Chisholm

Chisholm was a pioneer for African-American women holding major roles in the government. Chisholm first served as an educational consultant for New York City's bureau of child welfare and ran for New York State Assembly in 1964,  In 1968, Chisholm was elected as the first African-American Congresswoman, serving a Brooklyn district in the , and later became one of the of the Congressional Black Caucus. Chisholm made history once again in 1972 when she became the first African-American woman of a major political party to run for the Democratic party nomination, . Chisholm died in 2005, but  is celebrated on November 30 to honor her memory.

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